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HEALTH STATUS - Overweight and Obesity
Since 1990, both the United States and Hawai'i have seen increases in the proportion of people who are overweight or obese. Hawai'i's rate of overweight increased 23 percent between 1990 and 2009, and the rate of obesity increase 2.5 times (1990: 9.1%; 2009: 22.9%)!  In 2009, one in every three adults was overweight; one in five was obese.

Reducing Overweight and Obesity: Overweight and obesity substantially raise the risks of developing health problems such as high blood pressure, type II diabetes, heart disease, and breast, colon, and prostate cancers. They also are major contributors to preventable causes of death. In addition to increased health risks, total costs (medical costs and lost productivity) for obesity alone were estimated at $99 billion in 1995.1 Public education about the long-term health consequences and risks associated with being overweight and how to achieve and maintain a healthy weight are necessary. While many people attempt to lose weight, studies show that the majority regain their lost weight within five years. To maintain weight loss, healthful dietary habits must be coupled with increased physical activity and long-term lifestyle changes.2

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> Overweight and Obesity, by Body Mass Index, Hawai`i vs. U.S.
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Source: Hawai`i State Department of Health, Health Promotion and Education Office, Hawaii's Health Risk Behaviors.; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
Note: Overweight is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of greater than or equal to 25 and less than 30. Obesity is defined as having a BMI of 30 or greater. BMI is defined as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared (kg/m¦).